Table 1: Indications for foetal echocardiography.

Maternal indications Foetal indications
• Family history of congenital heart disease • Abnormal obstetrical ultrasound abnormality
• Metabolic disorders (e.g. diabetes, phenylketonuria) • Extracardiac abnormality
• Exposure to teratogens • Chromosomal abnormality
• Exposure to prostaglandin synthetase inhibitors (e.g. ibuprofen, salicylic acid, indomethacin) • Arrhythmia
• Rubella infection • Hydrops
• Autoimmune disease (e.g. SLE) • Increased first trimester nuchal translucency
• Familial inherited disorders (e.g. Marfan, Noonan syndrome) • Multiple gestation, suspicion of twin-to-twin transfusion
In-vitro fertilisation